So you have mastered crocheting squares, but what about crochet rectangles? A crochet rectangle base is extremely versatile, and can be used to make so many items! Think of shawls, rugs, blankets, bags, cushion or pillow covers, scarves, and placemats. These are all formed from a basic rectangle crochet base. You can make your item from one large rectangle, or from lots of small rectangles stitched together. You can make a firm rectangle base for the bottom of a bag or a crocheted storage basket.
Crochet Rectangles for Beginners Tutorial
This tutorial will show you how to make a basic crochet rectangle that is crocheted in the round, much like a circle, as well as a row-by-row rectangle and a granny rectangle. The article will finish with a lacy version of the rectangle for those of you who are intermediate crocheters looking for something more interesting.
Materials for Crochet Rectangles
- Yarn in the thickness and color of your choice.
- Crochet hook in a suitable size for your yarn.
- Yarn needle for weaving in ends after color changes.
- Stitch markers.
Abbreviations for Crochet Rectangles
All instructions are written in US terminology.
- sc = single crochet
- dc = double crochet
- ch = chain stitch
- sk =skip
- st(s) = stitch(es)
- sl st = slip stitch
- Granny cluster = The name given to a group of 3 double crochet all worked into the same space.
How to Crochet Rectangles Step by Step
1. Crochet Rectangles In The Round
Doing Crochet rectangles in the round really sounds silly, doesn’t it? What it means is to work around a central chain stitch base. You can use any basic crochet stitch you prefer.
If you want a firm and solid rectangle, use single crochet; if you want a loose and lacy rectangle, use a treble, or even a double treble stitch. My example is made using single crochet stitches, which give a lovely firm and stable crochet rectangle.
Round 1, Row 1:
- Make a slip knot, and chain stitch 11.
- 1 single crochet into the 2nd chain from the hook.
- Work 1 single crochet into the rest of the chain stitches, until the last stitch.
- 3 single crochet into the last chain stitch. (Not into the slip stitch!)
- Now continue working along the other side of the foundation chain. (This means you will be crocheting into the other side of the chain)
Round 1, Row 2:
- Work 1 single crochet into each stitch, until the last stitch.
- 3 single crochet into the last stitch.
- Join round with a slip stitch into the top of the 1st single crochet .
- Chain 1, 1 single crochet into the same stitch.
- 1 single crochet into each stitch until you reach the turning 3 single crochets.
- 3 single crochets, into the next single crochet stitches.
- Mark the 2nd stitch with a stitch marker. This is so that you know which is your crochet increase stitch in the following round.
- 1 single crochet into next stitch. 3 single crochet into next stitch. Mark the 2nd stitch with a stitch marker again.
- Continue 1 single crochet into each stitch until you reach the next turning 3 single crochets.
- 3 single crochets, mark the 2nd. (As before.) 1 single crochet in next stitch.
- 3 single crochet in next stitch. Mark the 2nd stitch. Slip stich on top of 1st single crochet.
- Keep repeating round 2 until your rectangle is the required size.
- Work your 3 single crochet corner stitches into each marked stitch.
- Keep moving the markers so that they are ready for the next round.
As your crochet rectangle grows, you will be increasing the number of single crochet on each round. Each corner must have 3 single crochet in the marked stitches.
2. How To Crochet Rectangles with Double Crochet
If you don’t need such a solid rectangle and would prefer something more decorative, how about a Granny crochet rectangle? This is a quick and easy way to make a very large rectangle that will fit perfectly on a bed, like a blanket. You can also use it to make multiple small rectangles to stitch together for the blanket, or to make rectangular shapes for bags or purses.
Start with a foundation ch in a multiple of 3+2. My example is just 9+2, but if you are wanting to make a large rectangle, you will need to start with a longer foundation ch. However many ch you start with, the method is the same!
- Chain 11
- Work 1 double crochet in the 3rd chain from hook.
- Double crochet in each stitch to the end.
- Turn the work over. (Wrong side facing towards you).
- Chain 3. (counts as 1 double crochet)
- Work 2 double crochet into the first stitch. (First granny cluster.)
- *Skip 2 stitches, work 3 double crochet into the next stitch.
- Repeat from* until the final stitch.
- Work 3 double crochet into the space made by your starting chain.
- Chain 2, 3 double crochet, chain 2, 3 double crochet all into the same space. You will see your corners forming.
- Skip 2 stitches, and work the next granny cluster (3 dc) in the next stitch. Your clusters must be exactly opposite each other.
- * Skip 2, 3 double crochet in the next stitch.
- Repeat from * to the last stitch.
- Work 3 double crochet into the last stitch.
- Chain 2, 3 double crochet into the side of the 1st double crochet of the 1st row.
- Chain 2, slip stitch into the top of the starting chain.
- End off that color. (How to change yarn in crochet)
- Attach a new color in any 2 chain corner spaces. Leave tails long enough for weaving in later.
- Chain 3 (counts as 1 double crochet.)
- 2 double crochet into the same space.
- Work 3 doube crochet into each space all the way around.
- Each corner must be made up of 3 dc, ch2, 3 dc into the same space.
- Finish the round by working 3 double crochet in the starting corner, 2 chains, then slip stitch into the top of the starting chain.
- Change color and repeat round 2. You will have an extra cluster on each side of the rectangle, on each round.
- Keep working until your rectangle is the desired size.
3. Crochet Rectangles Done Aross
Of course, if you are not a fan of working in the round and keeping track of all those corners, the simplest way to make a rectangle is to work backward and forwards, starting with a long foundation chain if you want a large rectangle! This is the best way to make a crochet scarf.
- Make your foundation chain the length or width that you would like your rectangle to be.
- Decide which crochet stitch you would like to use for your rectangle, and simply work backward and forwards using that stitch. You will need a suitable turning chain at the beginning of each row.
- You can also do granny clusters back and forth across rows. Read my article on the granny stripe.
4. Lacy Stitches Crochet Rectangle
You can use any of the basic crochet stitches, but here I have included a crochet stitch pattern in case you would like to add more interest and texture to your rectangle. It is not a complicated stitch pattern, simply a mix of single crochet, double crochet, and chain stitches.
First Row: (Right side)
- Your starting chain must be a multiple of 6 sts +2. Work 1 sc into 2nd chain from hook.
- * Skip 2 chains, 1 dc into the next chain, 1 chain.
- Into the same chain as the last dc, work [1dc, 1 ch, 1 dc]. Skip 2 chains, 1 sc, into the next chain.
- Repeat from* to end, and turn.
- 4 ch (counts as 1 dc 1 ch), 1 dc into first sc. Sk 1 dc,1sc into next dc.
- *1 dc into next sc. 1 ch.
- Into same st as last dc, work [1dc, 1ch, 1dc].
- Sk 1 dc, 1 sc into next dc.
- Repeat from * to last sc, into last sc, work [1dc, 1ch, 1dc.] Turn.
- 1 ch, 1 sc into first dc.
- *1 dc into next sc, 1 ch.
- Into same st as last dc, work [1dc, 1 ch, 1 dc}.
- Sk 1 dc, 1 sc into next dc.
- Repeat from * to end.
- Place last sc into 3rd of 4 ch at beginning of previous row. Turn.
- Repeat 2nd and 3rd rows until you have reached your required length.
More Crochet Shapes
Crochet Rectangles - In Conclusion
So what are you planning to make with your crochet rectangles? Are you inspired to create something new and different? Will you choose a single color or stripes? Will you work back and forth, or in the round? Whichever options you choose, enjoy the creative process!
- Crochet Hook
- Yarn in a thickness to suit the hook
METHOD 1 - Crochet Rectangle in the Round
- Round 1: Chain 11. 1sc in 2nd ch from hook. Sc along row until last stitch. 3sc in last chain stitch. Turn and sc along other side of the chain until last stitch. 3sc in last stitch. Join with a slip stitch.
- Round 2: Ch1, 1 sc into same stitch. 1 sc into each stitch until you reach the turning 3 sc. 3sc into the next stitches. Mark the second stitch with a marker. 1sc into next stitch, 3sc into the next stitch and mark again. Continue until you reach the next corner. 3sc mark corner. 1sc, 3 sc in next stitch, mark corner. Slip stitch.
- Round 3: Keep repeating, increasing the sc stitches along the sides. Keep moving the markers.
METHOD 2 - Basic Straight Across Crochet Rectangle
- Chain your desired length plus the required turning chains.
- Work your chosen stitch backwards and forwards.
METHOD 3 - Crochet Granny Rectangles
- Round 1: Ch11 (or a multiple of 3 +2). Work 1dc in the 3rd chain from hook. Dc in each stitch to the end. Turn. Chain 3. *Skip 2 stitches, work 3 double crochet into the next stitch. Repeat from* until the final stitch. Work 3 dc into the space made by your starting ch. Ch2, 3dc, ch2, 3dc all into the same space. Sk2, and 3 dc in the next stitch. (Clusters must be opposite). * Sk2, 3dc in the next stitch. Repeat from * to the last stitch. 3 dc into the last stitch. Ch2, 3dc into the side of the 1st dc of the 1st row. Ch2, slip stitch into the top of the starting chain. End off that color.
- Round 2: Attach new color in any 2 ch corner spaces. Ch3, 2dc into the same space. 3dc into each space all the way around. (Each corner must be made up of 3 dc, ch2, 3 dc into the same space.) Finish the round by working 3 dc in the starting corner, ch2, then slip stitch into the top of the starting chain.
- Round 3+: Change color and repeat