In this article, we'll take a trip through the world of crochet stitches. We'll look at some of the most popular types of crochet stitches and see how you can create wonderful projects. Different crochet stitch patterns have their own look, feel, and function, which means there are a lot of ways to be creative.
Different Types of Crochet Stitches Tutorial
Crochet is a popular hobby that combines art and relaxation. You can make intricate and beautiful crochet stitch patterns with just a hook and some yarn. One of the things that makes crochet so useful and interesting is that there are so many different crochet stitches to choose from.
Crochet stitches are the building blocks of any crochet project. They determine the project's texture, thickness, and general look. If you know about the different types of stitches, you'll be able to make your creative ideas come to life by choosing the right stitch for every project.
All stitches in this crochet stitch guide are described using American terminology.
Different Crochet Stitches
I have divided the types of crochet stitches tutorial into 4 sections
- Basic crochet stitches
- Intermediate Crochet Stitches
- Textured Crochet Stitches
- Specialized Crochet Stitches
All these crochet stitch patterns with pictures are free on the Treasurie blog. Click on the links for the full tutorial and instructions.
Supplies to Get Started with Crochet Stitches
When learning these crochet stitches, you will want to make a small crochet swatch of 4 to 5 inches. Use a worsted weight yarn with a 5mm hook to test the stitch patterns.
It is usually easier to use a lighter-colored yarn that is not too fluffy. Stay away from navy or black yarn, as it will be hard to see the stitches.
Easy Crochet Stitches for Beginners
We'll start by learning the basic crochet stitches, like single crochet, double crochet, and half double crochet. These easy crochet stitches for beginners are the basis for many crochet projects and are a good place for new crocheters to start.
1. Chain Stitch (Ch)
Chain stitch is the basis upon which your crocheted items will be built. It's the most beginner crochet stitch and the first stitch you need to learn! You will use it as a foundation chain or as a turning chain when changing direction in rows.
2. Single Crochet (Sc)
Single crochet is the smallest crochet stitch. It is one of the most basic and often used crochet stitches. It produces a dense and robust fabric that is perfect for projects requiring durability or structure. Whether you're a beginner or a seasoned crocheter, knowing the single crochet stitch is vital.
3. Half Double Crochet (Hdc)
Another basic crochet stitch that sits between the heights of a single crochet and a double crochet is the half double crochet. It produces a slightly taller stitch than single crochet and works up more quickly, offering a flexible stitch for a variety of tasks.
4. Double Crochet (Dc)
Double crochet is probably the most common crochet stitches. It is a versatile and popular crochet stitch. It makes a taller stitch than single crochet and half double crochet, allowing for faster progress and an open, airy fabric. The double crochet stitch is one of the best stitches to learn for blankets, clothes, or decorative items.
5. Half Treble Crochet (Htr)
Half treble crochet stitches is not used as often, but it does make a happy medium if your double crochet is too small and a treble crochet is too tall!
6. Treble Crochet (Tr)
Treble crochet is the tallest of the commonly used crochet stitches. It creates a fabric of an open texture and works up really quickly as it is so tall. These taller stitches are good for making larger items but does not create as solid a fabric as the shorter stitches.
7. Double Treble Crochet (Dtr)
Double treble crochet is extremely loose and airy. The double treble crochet stitch also known as the triple treble crochet stitch (trtr), is a tall crochet stitch that produces a very expanded and open fabric. It is taller than the treble crochet stitch and is frequently used in lace patterns or to create a more open and airy texture.
8. Slip Stitch (Sl st)
The crochet slip stitch does not create a fabric on its own but is used to move your yarn along to another part of the project. For example, when making an armhole. Crochet slip stitches are also used for joining rounds when crocheting in the round.
Unique Crochet Stitches for Intermediate
Once you are confident with those basic stitches, you can start doing various things with those different crochet stitches to create more advanced textures and patterns.
These are more than a few complex crochet stitch patterns; the possibilities are virtually endless. You can improve your crochet skills by learning and incorporating these unique crochet stitches into your projects. These are intermediate to advanced crochet stitches.
9. Shell Stitch
The crochet shell stitch is a classic stitch that produces a scalloped or shell-like pattern. It is made by working several stitches (usually double or treble crochets) into the same stitch or space. The number of stitches in each shell can be changed to achieve different effects.
10. V-Stitch Crochet
The crochet V stitch is a popular and useful stitch that makes a pattern that is open and lacy. It is made up of several stitches that are put into the same stitch to make a V-shaped pattern. The V stitch is often used to make shawls, scarves, blankets, and other things that should feel light and airy.
11. Popcorn Stitch
Popcorn stitch is a fun and lively stitch that adds texture to your crochet items is the popcorn stitch. It is made by making multiple incomplete crochet stitches in the same stitch or place and then connecting them to make a "popcorn" or raised cluster. This stitch is frequently used to produce 3D effects or as a pattern accent.
12. Mesh Stitch
The crochet mesh stitch is very simple to work and creates a very light and lacy-looking crochet fabric. These crochet stitches can be worked as a square mesh or a diamond mesh pattern. Use mesh stitch for stretchy grocery bags and lightweight tops.
13. Cable Crochet Stitch
The cable crochet stitch is similar to classic knitting cables and may also be done in crochet. Crossing stitches over one other to produce a raised and interlocking design is the approach. To achieve a twisting look, crochet cables are worked by skipping stitches and working into stitches from previous rows.
14. Bobble Stitch
The bobble crochet stitch is similar to the popcorn stitch, but instead of linking unfinished stitches, you work numerous stitches together into the same stitch and then close them to create a rounded bobble look. It gives your crochet work a fun and textural element.
15. Puff Stitch
The puff stitch adds texture and dimension to your crafts. It entails making a cluster of loops or stitches in the same stitch and then connecting them. This stitch can be done at various heights, such as a single crochet puff stitch or a double crochet puff stitch.
16. Star Stitch
Star stitch produces a distinct, star-shaped texture. It is also known as a spiked cluster or a daisy stitch. It is made by inserting your hook multiple times into the previous row, which then pulls up into a star. The star stitch is often used as a focal point in patterns.
17. Spike Stitch
The spike stitch crochet can be used to create lengthy spikes that give your fabric an individual look by inserting your hook into lower rounds or rows and making stitches that stand out from the surface. These types of crochet stitches work especially well with different colored yarns.
18. Cluster Stitch
Cluster stitch is a popular technique for creating a group of stitches that are worked together. It provides a dense, textured fabric that is frequently used in crochet projects to create patterns and designs. This stitch is the basis of granny squares and granny stripes.
19. Tapestry Crochet Stitch
Tapestry stitch is a way of adding color, designs, and crochet stitch patterns to otherwise plain items. It is usually done with a single crochet stitch, and the yarn is carried underneath the stitches until it is needed to be used again.
20. Crochet Wave Stitch
Crochet wave stitch creates a pattern that looks like rolling waves. It is created by crocheting stitches of different heights right next to each other. It makes beautiful blankets as it is still quite dense and is a great use of color.
21. Chevron Stitch
Chevron stitch crochet is one that creates a zig-zag pattern with your stitches. It can be done with any one of the basic crochet stitches and increasing and decreasing to get the pattern.
22. Granny Stripe Stitch
Granny stripes are a traditional crochet design that uses the cluster stitch, also sometimes called granny stitch, to produce colorful stripes. This stitch pattern is commonly used to make blankets, but it can be used to make anything at all!
Textured Crochet Stitches
Textured stitches provide a variety of options for those looking to create distinctive textures and patterns. The easiest textural stitches are, in fact, the stitches mentioned above.
There are many more textural types of crochet stitches that involve working with Front Post Crochet or Back Post Crochet. These skills are slightly more advanced but are explained step by step in our tutorials. They involve inserting your crochet hook in different directions into different spaces of your previous rows.
Examples of these textural stitches are:
23. Alpine Stitch
The alpine stitch creates a three-dimensional design with alternating peaks and valleys, giving your crochet creations a lovely texture.
A precise sequence of basic crochet stitches, single crochet, double crochet, and front post double crochet, is used to form the stitch pattern. It's an easy and satisfying stitch to work.
24. Raised Rib Stitch
Crochet ribbing creates a rib-like appearance which is similar to a knitted rib. To make it, you need to work front post double crochets (FPDC) or front post treble crochets (FPTRC) across the stitches of the preceding row to make a raised rib stitch. This stitch provides a raised ridged pattern on your items, adding texture and structure.
25. Waffle Stitch
Waffle Stitch is a type of crochet stitch that produces a raised, square design that resembles the texture of a waffle. It is made by working a specific pattern of front post double crochets (FPDC) and double crochets (DC). This pattern is ideal for adding depth and character to baby blankets, dishcloths, and even clothing.
26. Diamond Stitch
Crochet diamond stitch is similar to waffle stitch but has a more diagonal appearance, rather than the squares of waffle stitch. It also involves post-stitches. This stitch is best for intermediate or advanced crocheters and makes beautifully textured blankets.
27. Seed Crochet Stitches
The crochet seed stitch gives the fabric a pebbled feel. It is a little easier than the other stitches in this category, as it does not need any post-stitches! It is accomplished by alternating single and double crochet stitches across the row. This pattern is used for adding subtle texture to blankets, scarves, and accessories.
28. Herringbone Stitch
The crochet herringbone stitch does not require post stitches either, but rather inserting your hook into different places in the previous row. It is best made with thicker yarns for the herringbone pattern to show up nicely.
29. Moss Crochet Stitch
Crochet moss stitch (also known as linen stitch or granite stitch) is a basic and adaptable stitch pattern that produces a textured fabric. Moss stitch and seed stitch are often mixed up. The seed stitch looks like single knits layered on top of single purls, while the moss stitch looks like two rows of ribbing shifted across by one stitch.
Specialized Crochet Stitches
Finally, we'll look at specialized stitches, including the picot stitch, which is used to make ornamental edgings, and the crocodile stitch, which is used to resemble reptile scales. These stitches produce unique effects that can improve the overall design and theme of your projects.
30. Picot Crochet Stitch Patterns
The picot crochet stitch is most often used on edgings and borders and is very simple to work. The stitch can be varied to produce peaks of different lengths. This stitch can also be used in crocheting flowers and leaves.
31. Crocodile Stitch
The crochet crocodile stitch is very textural and resembles the scales of a crocodile or an alligator. It is sometimes known as scale stitch or dragon stitch. These crochet stitches are best for intermediate or advanced crocheters.
32. Berry Stitch
Crochet berry stitch is a highly textured stitch that gives a warm dense fabric suitable for dishcloths, blankets, and scarves. It is much easier to crochet than some of the other textured stitches like bobble stitch.
33. Crochet Blanket Stitch
Learn how to crochet the blanket stitch to produce a dense fabric that is reversible. Great for scarves, blankets, and other crochet projects where you will see both sides.
34. Block Stitch
Block stitch is an easy 2 repeat pattern using single crochet and double crochet. It makes an attractive pattern for blankets and scarves.
35. Brick Stitch
Brick stitch is a beautiful textured stitch that looks like bricks and mortar when you use 2 contrasting colors. It is an easy stitch for beginners and the version pictured just uses single crochet stitches and a spike stitch.
36. Millstone Crochet Stitch
Millstone stitch creates a brick-and-mortar-like crochet stitch pattern. It uses several stitches, including single crochets and the spike stitch. This is an attractive stitch for blankets and can be done in 2 colors or more.
Crochet Stitches FAQs
What are the main crochet stitches?
Chain stitch, single crochet, double crochet, treble crochet, half-double crochet, and slip stitch are the six most common crochet stitches that beginner crocheters must learn. These are the stitches I listed above as “basic stitches”.
These are the essential stitches found in almost every crochet pattern. These simple crochet stitches are a good starting point for improving your crochet skills as a beginner.
How many crochet stitches are there?
Since the invention of crochet, over 150 crochet stitches or "stitch patterns" have been created. The stitches are all those basic stitches, with some variations on how to work them. The stitch patterns are the different types of crochet fabric you can make by combining those stitches.
What is the easiest crochet stitch?
The crochet chain stitch is the first basic technique that all beginners should learn. The chain stitch is the most basic of the stitches on this list., and also the easiest to learn. That's a good thing because it's the starting point for almost all crochet patterns. The majority of patterns begin with a series of chain stitches.
What is the hardest crochet stitch?
Crocheters generally regard the Jasmine Stitch as the most difficult to master. It's a lovely stitch, but it employs an unusual technique that doesn't often come easily to people. It looks like rows of pretty Jasmine flowers and is very thick.
Which crochet stitch is the most yarn efficient?
The crochet mesh stitch is very good, as it has more space than yarn! Another one is the Solomon stitch, which works up quickly, takes less yarn and has a wonderful pattern; it is one of the most "yarn saving" stitches.
What crochet stitch is best for thick yarn?
Any stitches can be worked in any yarn, in theory. But some just show off more when worked in thick or chunky yarn. Thicker yarn is lovely and warm, and it works up so quickly!
- Single crochet
- Double crochet
- Half double crochet
- V- stitch.
- Puff stitch.
- Bobble stitch.
- Popcorn Stitch.
- Herringbone stitch.
What crochet stitch makes the warmest blanket?
The single crochet stitch produces a dense, substantial, and extremely warm textured fabric. It would be ideal for thick blankets. Because it is dense with very few spaces and gaps, this makes it warmer than other crochet stitches. It does, unfortunately, take longer to make your fabric, as each stitch is so short.
There are other more elaborate stitches, such as any of the post stitches, which are also lovely and warm because the yarn is twisted around extra times, so it is like a double layer.
Crochet stitches - In Conclusion
These are only a few examples of the many types of crochet stitches. There are many more variations based on combinations of these stitches. Experimenting with different crochet stitches in combination and techniques helps you to create one-of-a-kind textures and patterns in your designs.
Unusual stitches can elevate your crochet work and make it truly unique, whether you're aiming for a comfortable, textured blanket or adding visual appeal to a garment. Have some fun experimenting and redesigning those very basic crochet patterns!