You may want to know how to crochet an oval shape, to make anything from a small oval patch or applique to a large rug or tablecloth. Once you have a basic idea of how to crochet an oval, you can adapt it to any size or thickness you desire. To make an oval shape, you need to form rounded edges with a straight middle section.
How to Crochet an Oval Tutorial
This tutorial will show you how to crochet an oval with single crochet stitches. This gives a firm base for shoes, baskets, rugs, and placemats.
Abbreviations Used for Crochet Ovals
All crochet terms are in US terms.
Materials for Crocheting Ovals
Your choice of materials will depend on what you intend to do with your oval.
- Patch or applique - Any suitable yarn
- Bath Mat - T-shirt or chunky yarn
- Rug - Coarse, thick yarn or strips of fabric
- Tablecloth - Fine cotton yarn
- Placemats- Thicker cotton yarn
You will need a suitable hook for whatever yarn you are using.
How to Crochet an Oval Shape Step by Step (Free Crochet Oval Pattern)
To make a crochet oval, you will be working in the round. The easiest method is to keep crocheting around in a spiral, i.e. not closing off each round with a slip stitch.
- Start with 5 foundation chains. If you would like a longer oval, you can start with a longer chain.
- 3 single crochets into 2nd chain from the hook.
- Single crochet into the next 2 chains.
- 3 single crochets into the last chain.
- Now rotate your work so that you can work into the other side of the foundation chain. Single crochet into the next 2 chains.
- * 2 sc into each of next 3 stitches.
- Sc into the next 2 stitches.
- Repeat from *once more.
- *( 2 sc into next stitch, sc into following stitch) 3 times.
- 2 single crochets.
- Repeat from * once more.
- *( 2 sc into next stitch, sc into next 2 stitches) 3 times.
- Sc into the next 2 stitches.
- Repeat from * once more.
Repeat round 4, increasing the number of sc sts along your straight edges by 1, on each side of each round, and increasing the number of sc between each increase as well.
Crochet Oval Formula (How to Crochet a Perfect Oval)
To explain that more clearly, your increases will only happen on the rounded ends of the oval. You will need to distribute 3 increases evenly across each end of the oval. So your number of single crochet stitches will increase with each increase.
Your straight parts on the oval will also be getting bigger and bigger as you go around more times, but this will be catered for by the extra number of sts between each increase.
You can also choose to work your oval in double crochet, where the increasing rules remain the same.
If you have already tried crocheting circles, you will notice that this follows the same formula for increases, just adding in the extra 2 sc down the straight sides. If you start with a longer foundation chain, you will need to increase those side stitches accordingly.
Crochet Oval Patterns and Uses
Here are 7 uses of crochet ovals and how you can modify the basic oval to get the perfect shape.
1. Crochet Oval Placemat
If you want to make placemats or a doily, crochet a large oval from thick yarn. T-shirt yarn makes a firm base that is great for a placemat. You may want a lacy edge around the oval as a finishing touch or crochet border.
2. How to Crochet an Oval Tablecloth
If making a tablecloth, you may choose to make your initial oval with double crochet, then work a few rounds of a lacy border, then return to double crochet for a few more rounds, and then repeat the lacy rounds until you have a cloth large enough for your table.
3. How to Crochet an Oval Bath Mat
Again, simply use the basic instructions for making the oval, but use 2 strands of bulky yarn and a large crochet hook. Cotton yarn works well for this, as does t-shirt yarn. You may choose to use a thick, soft, bulky boucle-type yarn that you will just want to dig your toes into!
4. How to Crochet an Oval Rug (Rag Rug)
To make a rag rug for your kitchen or porch, follow the same basic recipe for an oval shape, but use thin strips of fabric as your yarn. This is a super way to recycle old sheets!
The beauty of rag rugs is that they can just be tossed into the washing machine when they get a bit grubby! You may worry about the fraying of the strips of fabric, and while they will initially fray a little bit, this will soon calm down and stop happening. This is because the strips are so twisted and well anchored into the crochet fabric that they reach a point where they will no longer fray.
5. How to Crochet an Oval Base For a Bag
If you want to crochet a nice roomy bag, rather than just a flat, tote-style bag, start with an oval base. This will ‘round out‘ your bag nicely so that you can fit more into it. Once the base is made, simply crochet rectangular sides to fit around the base and then stitch them all together.
If you would like a really firm base, crochet 2 ovals the same size, then join them together around some stiff cardboard or plastic. You will make a ‘sandwich’ with crochet ovals as the bread and cardboard or plastic as the filling.
You can then crochet slip stitch around the sides to enclose the stiff center or stitch them together with the cardboard/plastic in the middle.
6. How to Crochet an Oval Basket
Usually, crochet baskets are round, but it is just as easy to start with an oval base and then work your way up the sides of the basket for a whole different look!
7. How to Crochet an Oval Sphere for Amigurumi
To do this, you just stop your increasing on either side of the oval and keep crocheting with the same number of stitches. This will form the sides of the body/head/ or whatever. Then decrease the crochet using the same ‘recipe’ in reverse to close up the shape so that you can stuff it.
8. Oval Crochet Coasters
How to Crochet an Oval - In Conclusion
From this, you can see that there is a multitude of uses for oval shapes in crochet. Start off with small, simple ovals in easy-to-work yarn. How about some stylish elbow patches on a jacket or cardigan and working your way up to the more complicated, larger projects. Have fun playing with crochet ovals!
More Crochet Shapes
- How to Crochet a Circle
- Crochet a Granny Square
- How to Crochet a Triangle
- Crochet a Rectangle
- Crocheting a Ball
How to Crochet an Oval Shape
- Crochet Hook
- Yarn to match your hook size
- Round 1: Chain 5, 3 sc into 2nd chain from hook. Sc into next 2 chains. 3 sc into last chain. Rotate to other side of the foundation chain. Sc into next 2 chains.
- Round 2: * 2 sc into each of next 3 stitches. Sc into next 2 stitches. Repeat from *once more.
- Round 3: *( 2 sc into next st, sc into following stitch) 3 times. 2 sc. Repeat from * once more.
- Round 4: *( 2 sc into next st, sc into next 2 sts.) 3 times. Sc into next 2 stitches. Repeat from * once more. Next Rounds: Repeat round 4, inc the number of sc stitches along your straight edges by 1, on each side of each round, and increase the number of sc between each increase as well.