Learn how to make a bandana! They are really cheap to make and easy even for beginner sewers. You can make a no-sew version with raw edges, use simple hand stitching, or use your sewing machine. Bandanas are everywhere and are suitable for both men and women of all ages. They can be worn on your forehead, as a scarf, around your neck, or even on your pet.
How to Make a Bandana Tutorial
What shape is a bandana? All bandanas are square. They may look oblong or even triangular but that is just how they are folded. The good news is that the squares are so easy to make!
Bandanas come in different sizes but a fairly standard bandana size for adults is 22 inches (56cm).
Larger bandanas tend to be 27 inches (68.5), and child bandanas 18 inches (46cm). Anything smaller than that won't fit around a head or neck and is really considered a hanky.
Best Fabrics for Bandanas
Lightweight cotton fabrics work best for a bandana. You want to be able to scrunch, roll and tie the fabric and thinner fabric is more suited to this. Cotton or natural fibers will breathe and not cause you to sweat which is important if you are wearing it on your forehead or neck. Check to see if the fabric is soft on your skin and not scratchy.
Somewhere along the way, someone somewhere decided that bandanas should be made from paisley fabrics. You can make yours from any pattern or color that makes you happy but be aware that in some cities certain colors have gang or sporting associations. I'm lucky to live in a city where I don't have to think about that but you may not.
How much fabric do you need to make a bandana? - With ¾ yard (70cm) you can make 2 bandanas. (Assuming standard 44-inch (112cm) wide fabric.)
How to Make a Bandana - Step by Step Instructions
Step 1 - Pre-Wash Your Bandana Fabric
Many fabrics have finishing chemicals in them to keep them looking good on the rolls in the shops. It is always recommended to pre-wash your fabrics before sewing. This will also make sure your fabric doesn't shrink or have the color run after you have spent time making the bandana.
Step 2 - Cutting Fabric for a Bandana
How to Cut a Square Bandana
Cut a square of fabric for your bandana in your desired size. If you will be sewing a hem around the bandana, then you will need to add ½ inch (12mm) for a seam allowance all the way around.
This means for a 22 inch (56cm) bandana you will cut a square 23 inches (54.5cm).
The easiest way to cut a square from a rectangular piece of fabric is to fold one edge in a triangle, measure one side then cut. A perfect square!
Save Money - Make 2 Bandanas
Most fabrics are 44 inches (112cm) wide, which means if you cut your square 22 inches (56cm), you will get 2 bandanas across the width of your fabric. With the completed hem, your finished bandana will be 21 inches (53cm) which is not much smaller than the standard size, so worth the savings.
Step 3 - Sew or Finish the Edges
If you want to leave the edges raw, then you are all done and ready to wear your bandana. Be aware, however, that the edges will fray slightly, so you may want to do a simple hem. Even if you have never sewn before, a simple hem really is quite easy.
3 Ways to Finish Bandana Edges
Below I will show you 2 ways to finish your bandana edges
- No-sew option
- Using hand stitching
- Using a sewing machine
1. How to Make a No-Sew Bandana
Cut the bandana into a square in your desired size, and you are done. If you are going to leave the edges raw, take care to choose a fabric that doesn't fray too much. Tightly woven fabric frays less than loosely woven fabric. For example, choose quilting cotton over linen.
No-Sew Hemming Ideas
- FRAY - Make the fraying edges a feature by fraying them even further. (How to Fray Fabric)
- SHEARS - Pinking shears have a serrated zig-zag edge that can reduce fabric fraying. It also creates an interesting edge.
- TAPE - You can also get hemming tape which is a heat fusible tape that will seal the edges with no sewing required. This tape is available at many supermarkets and all fabric stores. Press a small hem and then put the tape in the fold. Press with your iron, and it will seal the edge. Hemming tape usually comes in wider widths, so you can cut it narrower to suit a small bandana hem.
- GLUE - You can get fabric glue to hold the edges, but I think the tape does a better job and never shows through the fabric.
2. How to Make a Bandana with Hand Sewing
Cut your square of fabric, then grab your iron and ironing board and turn all the raw edges over by ¼ inch (6mm).
Turn the edges over again by another ¼ inch (6mm), and you will have a neat double fold hem that won't fray. The hem can be smaller than ¼ inch (6mm) if you wish and can even go down to ⅛ inch (3mm) if you can press it that small.
How to Make a Bandana Hem by Hand
- Step 1 - Thread your needle with cotton doubled over and knot the end. (Further Reading: How to Thread a Needle)
- Step 2- Put the needle into the fold of the hem to hide the knot.
- Step 3 - Use an up and down motion to stitch all around the hem edge. The smaller the stitches, the stronger your stitching will be.
- Finishing - If you run out of thread halfway, you can knot it off and then use a new piece of cotton. To knot off the thread, take a small backstitch, and before the cotton loop is pulled tight, put the needle through the loop. This creates a small knot. You would usually do this twice and then cut the excess cotton.
Hemming Fine Fabrics for Making a Bandana
Fine fabrics can be hemmed using a hand-rolled hemming stitch. This is a stitch better suited to intermediate sewers and not beginners. It does take a little longer, of course, but the result is beautiful and almost invisible if you use a matching thread. This stitch creates a really small rolled hem.
- Step 1 – Crease a fold along the hem edge with your thumb or finger. Make it as narrow as possible.
- Step 2 – The hem is hand-stitched from right to left. Start with a few back stitches. Do not use a knot as it will show on the right side.
- Step 3 – Make a small diagonal stitch in the fabric just above the hem. Then slant into the hem and take another stitch in the hem. Repeat but don't pull the threads yet. (See in the photo how the needle makes a small down and up stitch first through the fabric and then at the edge of the hem.)
- Step 4 – After 3 or 4 stitches, gently pull the thread. The hem will roll in, forming a hem and hiding the raw edges. Repeat.
Further Reading: Hemming Stitches
3. How to Sew a Bandana with a Machine
If you have a sewing machine then hemming your bandana is a breeze.
- Step 1 - Press the raw edges over by ¼ inch (6mm) and then press over again by the same amount to create a narrow double hem. You can even make the hem smaller than ¼ inch (6mm) if you are an intermediate sewer. The smaller the hem, the softer the edges will be.
- Step 2 - Straight stitch all around the edge of the hem. Try a length of 2.5. A matching thread will make your hem less noticeable, but you can use contrasting as well. Play around with your decorative stitches and make the hem a feature.
Decorating your DIY Bandana
Bandana edges can be decorated with pom pom trim, ric raw, or even tassels. Decorate it with scattered sequins. Use your creativity to make something unique.
Wearing a Bandana
Neck and Hairband
Place the bandana in a diamond shape in front of you and roll the bandana up. Wrap it around your neck or hair and tie a knot.
Fold the bandana in half diagonally so it becomes a triangle and then tie it around your hair or neck.
DIY No Sew Sew Face Mask
Bandanas are popular at the moment in order to make no-sew face masks. You can fold your bandana diagonally in a triangle and then tie it at the back of your head. Alternatively, fold the edges in to meet each other or overlapping slightly.
Thread through hair elastics on the ends and fold the fabric over in towards the middle. You can adjust the length and width of your folding to suit your face size. If you can hand or machine sew, I have a more detailed tutorial, including a face mask pattern.
More Bandana Articles
If you are looking at how to make a bandana for dogs, I have a simple one that threads over their collar, which is great for everyday use. Threading it over their regular collar means you don't have to worry about knotting it around their neck. This pattern includes 3 sizes and a video to help you along.
How to Make a Bandana - In Conclusion
So now you know how to make a bandana in 3 different ways with or without sewing. Make yourself one in every color of the rainbow.
- Sewing Basics Machine, Thread, Pins, Scissors, Iron
- Cut your fabric into a square of 23" (58.5cm) for a standard adult size. The easiest way to cut a square is to fold your rectangle fabric up into a triangle and cut the side.
- Press the raw edges over twice by ⅛-1/4" (3-6mm). Smaller hems will be softer.
- Hand stitch (running stitch) or machine stitch around the edges.
- Give your bandana a final press and fold it ready to be worn.
More Free Tutorials
Expand your sewing skills with more free tutorials: