Anyone who sews regularly will testify to the irritation caused when a sewing machine needle keeps breaking, interrupting the sewing process. This tutorial will discuss why does my needle keep breaking and the ways to fix this.
Sewing Machine Needle Keeps Breaking Tutorial
A broken sewing machine needle usually happens when you are racing down a seam at the rate of knots. Suddenly you hear a crunch and the awful snapping sound as the needle breaks. Your dream of being a formula one sewing driver ends, and you realize you have to get to the bottom of this problem.
What is happening when the sewing machine needle keeps breaking? It is time for a reality check and to find out how the breaking point happened.
There are just a few easy steps to check why your machine needle is breaking.
Why is Sewing Machine Needle Broken?
1. The Needle is Bent
Check the needle is not bent and hitting the edge of the foot. Even if the needle looks straight, I recommended you replace it anyway. The bend may be slight and not visible to the naked eye.
2. The Needle is in the Wrong Position
Check the needle position – Is it to the left or the right? Were you zig-zagging previously, perhaps, and need to put it back on a straight stitch? Gently hand-turn the flywheel on the side and see if the needle is hitting the side of the foot. Adjust the stitch width if it is hitting the foot side.
3. Wrong Sewing Machine Needle Size
Is your needle the correct size and type for the fabric you chose? This is a common reason sewing machine needles break. Check and adjust if necessary - it will make all the difference. (Read my guide to needle sizes).
Heavier fabrics, in particular, will need thicker needles so they don't bend or break when going in. Here are some suggested needle sizes for you.
|FABRIC WEIGHT||SEWING NEEDLE SIZE|
|Very Fine||8/60, 9/65, 10/70|
4. Check the Needle Type
Is your needle the correct type for the fabric you are sewing? There are specialty needles for different types of fabrics such as leather and denim. (Read types of sewing machine needles.)
There are also specialty needles for quilting which are designed to sew through heavier layers. Many of these heavier needles are made from reinforced metals.
|FABRIC TYPE||SEWING NEEDLE TYPE|
5. Needle Clamp is Loose
The needle clamp has a screw to the side, and sometimes it can come loose. Check and tighten if need be. Mine comes loose regularly from the vibration of the machine. When it comes loose, the needle wobbles and can hit the side of the presser foot and result in a broken sewing machine needle.
6. Pulling the Fabric
Relax as you sew and ease the fabric along. Pulling causes rough tension and may snap the thread, which is going to break a needle or two. Everything is a chain reaction.
6. Wrong Bobbin Type
Check your bobbin is the correct one for your machine. Bobbins can be metal or plastic and have slightly different sizes. Check it is compatible with the brand of your machine.
8. Bobbin Incorrectly Inserted
Check your bobbin is set in the casing correctly. The needle may be hitting something it shouldn't, causing the sewing machine needle to break.
9. Needle Incorrectly Inserted
Make sure that you inserted the needle correctly into the needle shaft with the flat side to the back and screwed it in properly if it was a needle replacement.
10. Machine Needs Cleaning
Check for fluff, stray threads or any obstructions in the bobbin case. (How to clean a sewing machine)
Sewing Machine Needle Keeps Breaking - In Conclusion
Now you are ready for that ‘point break’ moment, and with your checklist in hand, you will be able to tackle any problems that cause your sewing needle to break. You can sew with confidence, knowing you can resolve all "sewing machine needle keeps breaking" issues.