Learn how to transfer embroidery patterns. The delicate art of transferring embroidery designs to your piece of fabric can be challenging and will vary according to the type, color, and weight of your fabric. In this article, we will show you how to transfer an embroidery pattern to fabric using 9 different methods, including using embroidery transfer paper and embroidery tracing paper.
How to Transfer Embroidery Patterns Tutorial
Choosing the best method how to transfer embroidery patterns will make all the difference to your embroidery experience. Look through these different methods and try them out before selecting the one that suits you, your fabric and the design.
10 Ways How to Transfer Embroidery Patterns:
- Embroidery transfer paper
- Direct drawing method
- Printer ink
- Various transfer pens
- The prick and punch method
- Tracing wheel
- Heat transfer and pens
- Light source or lightbox method
- Embroidery tracing paper
- Water soluble stabilizer for embroidery
You may have heard of and tried some of these ways how to transfer embroidery patterns, and some may be new ideas. Remember to try new ideas on a piece of scrap fabric first.
If you are new to embroidery, have a read through my article on how to embroider to learn about tools, supplies, and basic stitches.
Why is Accurately Transferring Embroidery Designs Important
A well-transferred pattern can mean the difference between an accurate and detailed design and something that looks messy to the point where you can't tell what it is. It will guide you on where to stitch and ensure your stitches are evenly spaced and accurate. A deviation from the intended pattern can mean the completed embroidery project doesn't look quite right.
How to Transfer Embroidery Patterns to Fabric
Before you learn how to transfer embroidery designs, prepare your material by pre-washing to avoid shrinkage and ironing out creases. In most cases, it is easiest to transfer embroidery markings before placing your fabric in an embroidery hoop.
1. Embroidery Transfer Paper
Using fabric carbon paper is one of the most popular transfer methods for embroidery designs that has been used by many embroiderers over the years. There are now many different colors of embroidery transfer paper available.
Choose a color that is going to be clearly visible on your fabric. Lighter colors on darker fabric and darker colored carbon on more lightweight fabric.
Note that embroidery transfer paper is specially designed for fabrics and will not bleed and smudge like regular carbon paper.
How to Transfer Embroidery Patterns with Carbon Paper
- The carbon side of the paper is placed face down on the fabric, and the pattern to be transferred is placed face up over the carbon.
- The carbon and the pattern need to be secured to the fabric to avoid slipping. Using pins is the easiest way to do this.
- A carbon pencil, stylus, or an empty ballpoint pen can be used to draw over the pattern. This will transfer it to the fabric underneath.
2. Direct Drawing Method
Using different fabric pens, markers, or chalk, it is possible to draw directly onto the fabric. The disadvantage of this method is that you need to be able to draw reasonably well. If you are not great at freehand drawing, then skip to the following method.
How to Transfer Embroidery Patterns with Drawing:
- If the design covers the outlines, you can use a regular pencil.
- Otherwise, if part of the outline shows, it is best to use removable fabric pens or chalk. Wash off pens, heat pens, and even a pencil can be used for this method.
- If you are going to wash your final product, direct drawing with water-soluble pens allows for a margin of error.
3. How to Transfer Embroidery Patterns with Printer Ink
How to Transfer Large Embroidery Designs
It is possible to print directly onto fabric using a commercial fabric printer. The ink will be permanent, but the design will be accurate and well-defined.
The fabric weight and type will have to be considered before using this method. Softer, lighter fabrics will need some backing, such as freezer paper or soluble interfacing, to enable them to feed through the printer.
Fabric printing companies like Spoonflower also offer many different fabrics that can be printed. If you order a quantity of fabric, you can even place several designs on it to save money.
How to Transfer Embroidery Patterns with a Printer
It is possible to use your home printer for designs smaller than A4 or letter size. Here is a tutorial on how to print fabric and how to print labels. This is the method I used for making most of my embroidery samplers.
The biggest drawback is that you are limited in size, and there is a small risk of damage to your home printer. You will also need freezer paper which can be hard to purchase in some countries. This special paper is pressed to the fabric in order for it to be stiff enough to feed through the printer.
Extra tips for printing embroidery designs on a home printer:
- If you are not going to wash your embroidery, you will not need to set the ink with vinegar.
- This will only work on an inkjet printer and not on laser printers.
- Print in a light grey color instead of black to minimize the risk of any ink bleeding or smudging.
- Light to medium fabrics is recommended. I like using unbleached calico.
4. Various Transfer Pens
There are many commercial transfer embroidery pens available. It is essential to try out the pen you choose to check the intensity of the color and the thickness of the tip and to find out if the pen is water-soluble or permanent.
- Some pens are removed with heat, and others are fade-out pens.
- Fade-out pens are not practical because they don’t last for the time you may take to embroider.
- Permanent pens need to be covered with embroidery as they will show and not be removable.
- Pens that can transfer the design and then be washed away will be less invasive and allow you to try out a design without worrying about a permanent stain.
5. The Prick and Punch Method
This is an old-fashioned method of transferring a design, but somehow it still works and may be your best choice. It can be messy, but the advantage is that your pricked or punched pattern is re-useable.
How to Transfer Embroidery Patterns with Punching:
- This method requires you to trace your pattern on fine tracing paper.
- The tracing paper is placed on the fabric, with the right side facing up.
- Then the pattern lines are punched through with a needle to make small holes.
- Carbon powder or colored chalk is brushed or dusted through the small holes to transfer the pattern to the fabric.
6. How to Transfer Embroidery Patterns with a Tracing Wheel
The tracing wheel, with small spikes on a handle, is also quite an old method of transferring patterns. It does work quickly and favors larger designs.
How to Transfer Embroidery Patterns with Carbon:
- You need your pattern drawn or printed on some tracing paper, the tracing wheel, and some fabric or dressmakers carbon paper. (don’t use regular carbon paper)
- Place the carbon between your paper pattern and the fabric. The carbon should be face down.
- The wheel follows the line of the pattern as you push it along and transfers via the carbon as it pricks through the paper and onto the fabric.
This is similar to the pricking method, but the wheel is easier to use and quicker. The disadvantage is the wheel may prick tiny holes into delicate fabrics.
7. Heat Transfer Pens
There are heat transfer pens available that will draw the design onto paper, and then the design is transferred onto the fabric via the heat of a hot iron.
This method allows the embroiderer to use more intricate designs and trace them onto paper. This is similar to an iron-on transfer and works simply through the heat of the iron imprinting the design onto the fabric.
Keep in mind that the design will be transferred in a reverse mirror image. When ironing, be especially careful that your design is transferred the right way up as well.
8. Light Source or Lightbox Method:
The light source method works really well to transfer designs directly onto the fabric. The light source can come from a bright window or an actual light box.
How to Transfer Embroidery Patterns with a Window or Lightbox:
- Lay out the design traced on paper and then place the fabric over the pattern.
- Secure fabric and pattern firmly to your light source. When using a window, I sticky tape my fabric and pattern to keep them in place.
- The light shines through the pattern and the fabric, and as a result, it is possible to trace the pattern directly onto the fabric.
This is a great way to make repeat patterns, as the pattern can remain fixed to the light source, and the fabric can be moved.
9. Embroidery Tracing Paper
If you can trace your design on some fine tracing paper, you can then stitch through the paper. When the design is finished, carefully tear the tracing paper away to reveal your completed embroidery.
10. Water-Soluble Stabilizer
By using a water-soluble stabilizer, you can draw or trace the image it, stitch with embroidery floss on top, and then wash the fabric after you have completed the embroidery. This will cause the stabilizer to dissolve, leaving you with a beautiful embroidery piece of art.
Troubleshooting Embroidery Pattern Transfer
Some of the most common mistakes include using the wrong type of transfer paper, transferring patterns onto an unsuitable fabric, or dealing with fading or misaligned patterns.
To avoid these, ensure you are using the correct transfer paper for your fabric type and follow the instructions carefully. Keep your workspace well-lit to accurately see your design. Moreover, always ensure your fabric is well-prepared and appropriately stretched before starting the transfer.
Always take care to note whether your chosen embroidery transfer method requires you to flip and mirror image the design. You don't want to end up with an embroidery design that is back to front.
How to Transfer Embroidery Patterns FAQs
How to Transfer Embroidery Patterns onto Dark Fabrics
Embroidery fabrics can be transferred to dark fabrics using light-colored dressmakers' carbon. White, yellow, and blue show up particularly well. If you wish to freehand draw your design, similarly colored chalk pencils will also work.
What is the Easiest Way to Transfer Embroidery Patterns
This will depend on your fabric color, type, and weight, but here are some guidelines. For light-colored thin to medium-weight fabrics, I find the easiest method is using a light source.
Print your design on A4 or letter paper, then tape your paper to a bright window. Place your fabric on top and then start tracing. For dark fabrics, it is easiest to use yellow or white carbon paper or to freehand draw with similar colored chalks or pencils.
How to Transfer Embroidery Patterns - In Conclusion
These are the most popular ways how to transfer embroidery patterns and designs. Try them all and follow your favorite. It’s all about getting the delicate designs transferred and ready to be brought to life with your unique stitches and colored cotton.
More Embroidery Articles
Now you know how to transfer embroidery patterns, here are some of the most popular embroidery stitches to learn.
- Blanket Stitch
- Buttonhole Stitch
- Chain Stitch
- Chevron Stitch
- Couching Stitch
- Cross Stitch
- Double Herringbone Stitch
- How to Embroider
- Faggoting Embroidery
- Feather Stitch
- Fern Stitch
- Fishbone Stitch
- Fly Stitch
- French Knots
- Hand Embroidery Stitches
- Herringbone Stitch
- Lazy Daisy
- Running Stitch
- Sashiko Embroidery
- Satin Stitch
- Seed Stitch Embroidery (Rice Stitch)
- Stem Stitch
- Straight Stitch
- Web Stitch | Embroidery Tutorial
- Whip Stitch
- Embroidery Leaves
- Embroidery Flowers
- How to Transfer Embroidery